USBs were developed in the early 90s by tech companies as a standard format for connection cables across the world. They are capable of transferring data and charge. The preliminary USB cables or USB 1 was only capable of transferring data at a speed of 12Mbps. The most widely used USB standard today is the USB 2.0, which can transmit data at a speed of 480 Mbps. Newer devices from the late 2000s began to adopt the upgraded USB standard 3.0 which was able to transmit data with a speed of 5Gbps which was later improved to 10Gbps with the upgraded USB3.1 standard. Here we note the difference between the micro USB port and the USB type C port.

fig.Type -A and Type-B USB plug outlets of different sizes.

Micro USB

Micro USBs can be easily explained from the figure above. A normal USB cable has plugs on both ends. The Type-A part is the one that is usually connected to an adapter or your PC and the Type -B, to be more specific the micro version of Type-B plug is the one which can be connected to your mobile phones. As shown above, the bigger version of the Type-B plug is usually connected to charge the bigger devices like the printer.

The mini versions of the plugs have not been used in products recently and are being phased out of devices. The obvious disadvantage of a micro-USB is the one that you would be familiar with. It can only be plugged in one way. More often than not, we have tried to plug it in backward and failed. All the standard USB plugs before the arrival of the USB Type-C plugs have had this problem. There begin the advantages of the brand new USB technology standard, the Type-C.

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fig. USB Type-c plug with  Type-A plug

USB type C

The USB Type-C plugs are the latest standard USB cable that is bound to be standardized all over the world in the coming years. In terms of physical size, it is slightly bigger than the normal micro USB plug.

Apart from the aforementioned advantage of being able to work in however direction that we choose to plug it in, the USB Type-C uses the advantages of the USB3.1 standard to transfer data at a rate of up to 10Gbps. Due to the fact that it supports a number of audio and video modes, your future laptops may come without an HDMI port or 3.5mm headphone jack which will be replaced by type-C ports. It sure means “One port for everything” is the future.

All the spaces on your laptops for the various ports can be saved by two or three type C ports. It means, even the HDMI port would vanish due to the fast data transfer capabilities of these brand new cables. Apart from this Type-C will be able to use for fast charging and can deliver up to 100W power. This would be enough to charge a laptop or run a printer. Since this is the case with USB Type-C cables, in the near future all your electronic gadgets can have the same cable.

The MacBook already uses the Type-C cable as the charging cable. And it is backward compatible with the USB 3.0 and even the older USB 2.0 standard. This is because the C type USB contains the normal pins used for traditional data control protocols. This just might be the ultimate technology as far as connector cables go. Unless they develop wireless features for everything, USB Type-C is the future.

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Advantages of Type-C over micro USB

  • Reversible connection.
  • Fast data transfer.
  • Fast charging.
  • A universal standard for all devices running under 100W.
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